During this process, you will identify other researchers, organisations, agencies, or research centres that have explored your research topic. Whatever type of research you are conducting, always be aware of its strengths and limitations. where can i buy an essay online australian Note that this example combines qualitative and quantitative data.
We have defined secondary data, outlined its advantages and disadvantages, introduced the methods and purposes of secondary research, and outlined the types and sources of secondary data. You will use this kind of methodology when you want to investigate the relationship between certain variables in two data sets or when you want to compare findings from two past studies. mba essay services dilemma sample To take an example: TABLE 2 provides a full summary of advantages and disadvantages of secondary research: This is simply because you have not collected the data yourself.
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In our three examples, research questions would be specified in the following manner: Your research question is different, because, although you are seeking to do the same investigation, you wish to do so by using a quantitative methodology. Secondary data may lack reliability and validity, which is beyond your control Professionally collected data: Your secondary data is being combined with your primary data. Having found your topic of interest and identified a gap in the literature, you need to specify your research question.
This study might have interviewed some 30 participants and noted the four most important reasons people live on boats: Once you have identified your general topic, your next step consists of reading through existing papers to see whether there is a gap in the literature that your research can fill. Since we have used these examples previously, it may be useful to rely on them again to illustrate our discussion. Because such disadvantages of secondary data can limit the effectiveness of your research, it is crucial that you evaluate a secondary data set. Remember simply to copy this data into the new file — it is vital that you do not alter it!
To what institution were the authors affiliated? When you collect your data personally, you do so with a specific research question in mind. Secondary research takes much less time than primary research Wrong format:
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Outline all reasons for living on boats; Craft a questionnaire that assesses these reasons in a broader population; Analyse the data. Initially, you can use a secondary data set in isolation — that is, without combining it with other data sets. essay writing cheap hindi topics So, go make a decent-sized mug of your favourite hot beverage consider a glass of water , too then come back and get comfy. Thus, you can also deal with longitudinal data, which may allow you to explore trends and changes of phenomena over time. When evaluating secondary data, you first need to identify the aim of the original study.
Internal to the organisation or research institution where you conduct your research. TABLE 1 outlines the differences between primary and secondary research: External to the organisation or research institution where you conduct your research. buy a research paper vessel pdf For instance, if you are doing a research project for an organisation or research institution where you are an intern, and you want to reuse some of their past data, you would be using internal data sources.
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We would conclude that the secondary data from our first research example has a high quality. Internal to the organisation or research institution where you conduct your research. Somewhere there, you may discover a useful secondary data set.
A further step in evaluating a secondary data set is to ask yourself who has collected the data. Thus, the data set for our first example is ideal. Government agencies tend to conduct a lot of research, therefore covering almost any kind of topic you can think of. The benefit of using these sources is that they are easily accessible and there is no associated financial cost of obtaining them. Once you have specified what kind of secondary data you need, you can contact the authors of the original study.
This type of secondary data is used when you want the previously-collected information to inform your current research. However, this is not to say that you cannot use qualitative secondary data in your research project. Somewhere there, you may discover a useful secondary data set. Your first sub-step here if you are doing quantitative research is to outline all variables of interest that you will use in your study.